AMD has risen to popularity ever since they first debuted their Ryzen processors in 2015. Moreover, this revolutionary change has allowed the company to go head-to-head with their arch-rival, Intel many times. Similarly, the company is now taking their products to the next level with their Ryzen 7000 Series Processors.
AMD has revealed that CEO Lisa Su is going to disclose Ryzen 7000 series processors properly on Monday. Therefore, before the Computex event goes live, let’s take a quick look at what we know about AMD’s upcoming lineup.
So far, we know for sure that AMD is releasing at least four processors. The Ryzen 9 7950X, Ryzen 9 7900X, Ryzen 7 7800X and Ryzen 5 7600X. That is to say, at this moment, the release date of these processors sits at the 2nd half of 2023. Above all, let’s take a look at the specifications of all of these processors.
Ryzen 7000 Series Processors Architecture
Firstly, there have been a few leaks and rumors regarding some of the higher-end 7000 series processors. For instance, we already know a few specifications through AMD while we wait for the rest to come by. Subsequently, the Ryzen 9 7950X, Ryzen 9 7900X, Ryzen 7 7800X and Ryzen 5 7600X will feature a new socket. Finally, there are other features within the Ryzen 7000 series processors too.
Similarly, we’re going to be seeing a new process node, seemingly TSMC’s 5nm technology. Also, according to rumors, all current Zen 4 processors will feature a base clock speed of 5+ GHz single core. Furthermore, rumors state that Ryzen 7000 series processors will have ~20%+ IPC upliftment. If this ends up being true, then Intel 13th gen Raptor Lake won’t be much of a challenge for AMD. Currently, we cannot state whether these rumors are true or not.
Strikingly, the AM5 feature regarding the Ryzen 7000 series processors could never even turn into a rumor. Two years ago, along with Ryzen 5000 series‘ launch, Lisa Su unveiled that Zen 4 would come with AM5 sockets.
To give a mild refresher, AMD released their AM4 sockets in September of 2016. Consequently, AMD promised that the AM4 socket would run for five years. Keeping their promise, AMD did not change their socket size for five years and utilized their 7nm node AM4 socket. However, things are changing now. The five year-long lifespans have ended and we are finally seeing a new socket by AMD. The AM5 is going to have a similar lifespan of five years, the same as its predecessor.
Unlike the AM4 that has 1331 contact pins attached to the processor itself, the AM5 will have 1718 pins. The pins are going to be on the motherboard, just like Intel’s. Along with that, we’re also going to see the process node shift from 7nm to 5nm.
Furthermore, AMD is going to utilize TSMC’s 5nm technology to give birth to such a remarkable process node. Above all, the current AM4 CPU coolers will be compatible with the AM5 socket. Therefore, if you wish to use the same CPU cooler for your Ryzen 9 7900X, it will be possible.
You read it right. According to rumors, all Ryzen 7000 series processors will come with RDNA 2 integrated graphics cards. Up until the 5000 series, AMD did not add integrated graphics cards (iGPUs) in their processors to increase performance.
However, due to customer demand and to counter Intel’s advantage over the iGPU factor, AMD has taken this move. Therefore, AMD will not only have iGPUs in their Ryzen 7000 series processors. They will actually be RDNA 2 graphics cards. Along with that, Twitter leaker, Tohsaka Komachi (@KOMACHI_ENSAKA) leaked this information in one of their tweets.
Having said that, Tohsaka claims that the iGPU will have 2 Work Group Processors (WGPs) and 4 Compute Units (CUs). Along with that, the RDNA 2 iGPU will also come with a base clock of 1100 MHz.
In conclusion, these specifications are almost too good to be true. You need to keep in mind that these are all rumors and can be false. Then again, we’ll find out whether this RDNA 2 fiasco is going to happen or not in a day’s time.
Ryzen 9 7950X
With the core architecture out of the way, it is imminent that we move on to the actual processors themselves. Firstly, let’s discuss the specifications of the Ryzen 9 7950X out of all of the Ryzen 7000 series processors. All things considered, the Ryzen 9 7950X is going to be the flagship processor for Zen 4. With that aside, let’s look into what we know through rumors so far.
Cores and Threads
In comparison to previous rumors, the Ryzen 9 7950X is going to come with 16 cores and 32 threads. To clarify, the number of cores and threads are the same as the Ryzen 9 5950X. Furthermore, the Ryzen 9 7950X is going to tackle the i9 13900KS by Intel. Subsequently, popular YouTube leaker, iVadim has made a chart with probable cores and threads for all of the processors.
In light of what iVadim has speculated, if AMD follows this core count, then Intel might actually be in trouble. Furthermore, Zen 4 will have an amazing IPC uplift which will make Ryzen 7000 series processors better.
To clarify, we’re talking an uplift of 20-40%. Along with this uplift, if the core and thread quantity increases, Intel will simply lose. So far, Intel has been winning in terms of gaming performance due to amazing single core performance. However, with a 40% uplift, that won’t exist.
Base and Boost Clocks
As we stated before, Ryzen 7000 series processors will have a base clock of 5+ GHz. This will be the first time since AMD has finally broken the 5 GHz barrier. Intel, on the other hand, broke this barrier with their i9 12900K processor.
That is to say, as of now, we are unsure of what to expect from their Tiger Lake processors. Furthermore, Twitter leaker, @Greymon55 has recently given his insight stating how fast each of the four processors can possibly be.
Just a prediction:
7950X single:5.4GHz all:5.0GHz
7900X single:5.3GHz all:5.0GHz
7800X single:5.2GHz all:5.0GHz
7600X single:5.1GHz all:5.0GHz
— Greymon55 (@greymon55) May 21, 2022
Presumably, if these predictions are true, then the Ryzen 9 7950X will have an all-core base-clock speed of 5.0 GHz. Along with that, it will have a single core base-clock speed of 5.4 GHz. Granted, this seems more like a dream come true, however, it is simply a nightmare for Intel. Therefore, Intel should watch out for the Computex announcement that AMD is about to come out with.
Thermal Design Power (TDP)
Unfortunately, we don’t have a lot of information on the Thermal Design Power (TDP) of the Ryzen 7000 series processors.
So far, rumors are stating that the Ryzen 9 7950X is going to come with a label of 170 watts. Pair this processor with the RX 7800 XT and you will be looking for a 1200W+ power supply. Besides that, @Greymon55 gave leaks regarding the TDP early in March, which were never updated.
Raphael R9 SKU
No sign of 120W.👀
— Greymon55 (@greymon55) March 24, 2022
There are a few key highlights within Greymon55’s tweet. Correspondingly, the Ryzen 9 7950X is going to have 170W TDP. However, if you notice, there are only three wattage values within the tweet itself.
This denotes to either the Ryzen 7 7800X or the Ryzen 5 7600X not being part of the initial release. We can also assume that the 7950X will not be released, and 170W is actually the wattage for the 7900X. Nevertheless, there are chances that either the TDP of one of the processors is unknown or they aren’t in manufacturing.
Ryzen 9 7900X
Now that we’ve discussed the likely specifications of the Ryzen 9 7950X, let’s move on to the Ryzen 9 7900X. Above all, the 2nd in line in the Zen 4 lineup is going to replace the Ryzen 9 5900X. Although not the flagship processor, the Ryzen 9 7900X is still going to be a beast of a processor. Furthermore, it will most likely be up against Intel’s i9 13900K. With that aside, let’s take a look at what to expect from the Ryzen 9 7900X.
Read Helpful Articles
Cores and Threads
Disregarding rising rumors, the Ryzen 9 7900X is likely going to have 12 cores and 24 threads. Similarly, the 7900X will have the same core and thread count as its predecessor, the Ryzen 9 5900X.
Furthermore, the Ryzen 9 7900X will be competing against Intel’s i9 13900K. However, we do not know a lot about Raptor Lake processors right now. Therefore, we cannot hold any discussions in that regard highly. Meanwhile, Twitter user, @appletesterrus, has a similar opinion for the 7900X processor.
expensive than the Ryzen 9 5950X at the start of sales. Ryzen 9 7900X. Here, too, options are still allowed: 12 cores and 24 threads or 16 cores and 32 threads. It is expected that the maximum frequency will be 5.3 GHz, TDP – 105-170 watts, and the price is $ 650. Based on the
— Yaroslav Gavrilov (@appletesterrus) May 15, 2022
Ultimately, what we’re seeing is that the specifications of the Ryzen 9 7900X and 7950X are still pretty iffy.
Users and leakers alike aren’t sure whether the Ryzen 9 7900X is going to have 12 cores or 16. Nevertheless, as sources are pointing towards the processor having 12 cores; placement will likely be at 12 cores.
Base and Boost Clocks
Simply, like before, the Ryzen 9 7900X is going to have a base clock of 5+ GHz. Furthermore, the Ryzen 9 5900X has a base clock of 3.7GHz; this is going to be a major upgrade. Even more so when the speculated clock speeds of Intel’s 13900K stand at 4.8 GHz all core. Consequently, looking at the tweets from @appletesterrus and @Greymon55, it’s certain that the 7900X will have a 5.0 all-core base-clock. Likewise, we can also identify that the Ryzen 9 7900X will have a single core base clock of 5.3 GHz.
However, this clock speed is going to be 100 MHz slower than the Ryzen 9 7950X. On paper it doesn’t sound like much, but, cumulatively, this small differential can cost the processor a speed of 1.6GHz. In conclusion, the Ryzen 9 7900X is going to be a solid processor, just not as powerful as the 7950X.
Thermal Design Power
Firstly, there isn’t a lot we know about the TDP for the Ryzen 9 7900X. Secondly, what we do know is a single leak by @Greymon55.
Thirdly, as you can see in the tweet above, the TDP below the 170W is 105W. Subsequently, this wattage is most likely for the Ryzen 9 7900X. However, it is completely possible that the 170W is for the 7900X while the 105W is for the 7800X.
Nonetheless, if the Ryzen 9 7900X comes with a 105W label, it will not ask for more than the 5900X. Rather, both the 7900X and 5900X processors will require 105W of power making the former more efficient. In conclusion, AMD did promise to make Zen 4 more power efficient. Maybe this is how they are planning to make it happen.
Ryzen 7 7800X
The further we keep moving down the lineup charts, the lower the performance keeps getting. With this in mind, after the Ryzen 9 7900X, next in line we have the Ryzen 7 7800X.
Similar to the other Ryzen 7000 series processors, the 7800X is the successor to the 5800X. Nonetheless, whether the Ryzen 7 7800X can surpass the Ryzen 7 5800X3D or not, remains to be seen. Meanwhile, let’s take a look at what the Ryzen 7 7800X can conjure for us.
Cores and Threads
Consequently, there are many rumors circulating for the Ryzen 7 7800X’s core count too. However, if we ignore them, the Ryzen 7 7800X is most likely going to have 8 cores and 16 threads. Noticeably, this is 4 cores and 8 threads too less from the 7900X. But, the use-case scenario that the 7800X targets does not require any more performance than that. Along with that, Twitter user, @appletesterrus, takes a go with the performance of the 7800X.
Ryzen 7 7800X is credited with 8 cores with a maximum frequency of 5.2 GHz, 16 threads, a TDP of 105 watts and a price of $ 500. Ryzen 5 7600X, replacing the hit Ryzen 5 5600X, will retain six computing cores. The frequency will be 5.1 GHz, the TDP will be 65 watts, and the price
— Yaroslav Gavrilov (@appletesterrus) May 15, 2022
In light of the tweet, we can assume that the 7800X is going to have the same number of cores as the 5800X.
However, greater IPC performance and higher clock speeds will help the 7800X. Furthermore, the Ryzen 7 7800X is going to be competing against Intel’s i7 13700K processor. In conclusion, the Ryzen 7 7800X is going to be amazing gaming processor with its 8 cores.
Base and Boost Clocks
As we have discussed before, all Ryzen 7000 series processors are going to have a base clock speed of 5 GHz+. Similarly, the base clock speed of the Ryzen 7 7800X is going to be in a similar radar. In view of the abovementioned tweet, @appletestterus states that the 7800X will have a single-core base-clock speed of 5.2 GHz. On the other hand, the Ryzen 7 7800X will have an all-clock base-clock speed of 5.0 GHz. Furthermore, Ryzen 7 7800X’s predecessor, the 5800X, has a base clock speed of 3.8 GHz.
Seeing how the Ryzen 7 7800X is targeted mainly for gamers, the 5.0+ GHz clock-speeds are going to be handy. However, we are still unsure whether the 7800X will be able to beat the Ryzen 7 5800X3D or not. Simply, in terms of plain clock speeds, the 5800X3D has a clock speed of 3.4 GHz. But in terms of pure performance, we shall only find out in a few hours’ time.
Thermal Design Power
In the same vein as the other 7000 series processors, we don’t know a lot about the 7800X, either.
However, what we do know, is that the Ryzen 7 7800X will come with a TDP of 65W. That is to say, this has been narrated by both, @Greymon55 and @appletestterus too. Surprisingly, if the 65W TDP is true, then the 7800X will have a lower TDP than the 5800X.
Strikingly, if that is to happen, then Intel will have simply no answer for such efficiency. However, it does seem a lot like a needless dream as of now. Simply getting 5+ GHz on all cores with a 65W processor sounds too good to be true.
Nonetheless, there is always the possibility that the 65 watts are actually for the Ryzen 5 7600X. Therefore, it is best not to buy this information as is.
Ryzen 5 7600X
Finally, we are at the last processor for the current 7000 series lineup. Undoubtedly, the Ryzen 5 7600X is going to be the weakest of the bunch. However, due to architectural improvements, we can assume that the 7600X can perform amazingly.
Furthermore, the Ryzen 5 7600X is the predecessor to the Ryzen 5 5600X. Therefore, with all of that in mind, let’s see what the 7600X can throw at us.
Cores and Threads
So far, looking at how the other processors have the same cores as their predecessors, the same can be assumed for the 7600X too. This certainly seems to be the case as well, because, the Ryzen 5 7600X has 6 cores and 12 threads. In contrast, the Ryzen 5 5600X has the same amount of cores and threads as well.
Most importantly, the 7600X will be able to gain performance over the 5600X due to the IPC uplift. Zen 4 architectural improvements are going to be another reason.
However, it is best to remember that the Ryzen 5 7600X is going to be competing against Intel’s i5 13600K. Nonetheless, the comparison cannot be made right now due to lack of information for both processors.
Base and Boost Clocks
Similar to the rest, the Ryzen 5 7600X will have a clock speed of above 5 GHz as well. Consequently, we advise that you take this rumor with a grain of salt. Because it seems nearly impossible for such a weak processor to hit 5 GHz all cores. However, according to @Greymon55 and @appletestterus, the 7600X will have a single-core base-clock of 5.1 GHz. Alongside that, the 7600X will run at 5.0 GHz all-cores at base-clock.
In contrast, the Ryzen 5 5600X has a base clock of 3.7 GHz. Remarkably, a single generation giving such a boost is amazing, if true. In conclusion, if AMD manages to pull this off, Intel will lose its position in the budget ring as well.
Thermal Design Power
You might have already guessed it, if not, we again don’t know a lot about the TDP for the 7600X. Taking note of @Greymon55’s tweet, if the 65W TDP is for the 7800X, then what of the 7600X? To sum up, no one knows.
In an ideal world, we would be seeing the 170W for the 7950X; 120W for the 7900X; 105W for the 7800X and 65W for the 7600X. However, there are no instances for the 120W TDP. Thus, currently we cannot state what TDP the 7600X is going to with. If it does launch, that is.
Ryzen 7000 Price
Ultimately, we are not too far away from finding out what the prices are going to be. However, current guessing towards the pricing for the 7000 series processors does not seem to be too pretty. Subsequently, Twitter user @appletestterus gives us their input for the pricing of the 7000 series processors.
flagship. Along with this, the frequencies will still increase. The source says 5.4 GHz. The TDP was 105 watts in standard mode, with a maximum of 170 watts. It is expected that the price of the new AMD flagship was $ 900. In this case, the Ryzen 9 7950X will be $ 100 more
— Yaroslav Gavrilov (@appletesterrus) May 15, 2022
Firstly, @appletesterrus’ thread states that the Ryzen 9 7950X can cost up to $900. On the other hand, the Ryzen 9 5950X had a MSRP of $800 and currently costs $548 at Amazon. Secondly, the Ryzen 9 7900X is going to have a MSRP of $650. In light of the 7950X’s price, this is more manageable. However, the Ryzen 9 5900X, with a MSRP of $569 currently costs $388 at Amazon.
Thirdly, the Ryzen 7 7800X has been given a MSRP of $500 according to @appletesterrus. In contrast, the Ryzen 7 5800X, from a MSRP of $450 currently costs a measly $310 at Amazon.
The Ryzen 7 5800X3D, however, still costs $450. Lastly, the Ryzen 5 7600X, the weakest of the lot, has a MSRP of $350. Whereas the Ryzen 5 5600X, originally $310, currently costs a meagre $200 at Amazon.
In conclusion, we’re seeing a price increase throughout the board for the Ryzen 7000 series processors. As a result, whether the performance is worth the price, we will have to wait to find out.
Ryzen 7000 Release Date
Firstly, by how events are playing out, currently we can state that Zen 4 processors might launch by September 2022. Secondly, AMD’s CEO, Lisa Su is ready to reveal the Ryzen 7000 series processors at the Computex event on Monday, 23rd May. Lastly, the event will go live at 11AM GMT + 5:00 and can be watched over here!
Other than this, AMD released an apparel chart of their keynote Zen 4 launches too. In other words, this chart explains the time-map of how AMD is going to be releasing their processors throughout the entirety of 2022 and 2023.
In light of the above image, we can clearly see that “Raphael” the codename for Zen 4 will release sometime in September, 2022. This will continue all the way to 2023, however. “Dragon Range” — extreme gaming laptops are going to launch in 2023. Finally, this shall be followed by “Phoenix” — thin and light gaming laptops which are also going to launch in 2023. Consequently, all of these products will be manufactured on Zen 4.
Previously it was reported the debut date for AMD’s Ryzen 7000 with a Zen 4 foundation is set for September 15, 2022, according to VideoCardz.
This is taken from an AMD presentation slide that was captured during an (alleged) AMD event in the Far East for regional distributors and retailers. The conclusion drawn from the event’s nature is that sales should begin on this day as well, but that has yet to be confirmed.
However, in fact, this date corresponds to the timeline already indicated by Twitter user “Greymon55,” after which Zen 4 may be anticipated roughly a month before RDNA3.
Furthermore, it is sort of confirmed now since more thorough information on the timetables of several Zen 4 CPUs is provided by several Twitter users:
The launch date of September 15th has been confirmed by Moore’s Law Is Dead. This date is also expected to bring about a “hard launch” or a launch with product availability on the same day.
I can now personally confirm that #AMD is planning to HARD LAUNCH Raphael on 9/15! 🎉
Not paper launch. HARD LAUNCH!!!
September 15th is before Fall btw – another example of AMD sandbagging with Zen 4.
P.S. Previously reported August Events are being adjusted to support this. pic.twitter.com/zKS1hwHrBt
— Moore's Law Is Dead (@mooreslawisdead) June 21, 2022
Greymon55 claims that “Raphael-X” (Zen 4 Consumer with 3D V-Cache) is currently in mass production and will follow the standard Zen 4 portfolio very soon, most likely before the end of the year. By doing this, AMD avoids the possibility that Intel’s “Raptor Lake” may outperform the Zen 4 in the gaming space; an extra 3D V-Cache could later resolve this.
Interestingly, the Ryzen 7 5800X3D should also be phased out very soon, given AMD only has one production line for these CPUs with 3D V-Cache, according to earlier information.
The Zen 4 Server with 3D V-Cache, known as Genoa-X, is believed to have already reached the sample stage.
Greymon55 on Twitter also shares details on the original Ryzen 7000 processor series product lineup: AMD is then rumoured to introduce the consumer models of “Zen 4” with Ryzen 5 7600X, Ryzen 7 7800X, Ryzen 9 7900X, and Ryzen 9 7950X commit, which is a mirror of how Zen 3 started back then.
There is no Ryzen 7 7700X” is not in the initial lineup as of yet, according to the leaker. Nevertheless, with Zen 3, that model wasn’t submitted until much later.
Chinese list prices that were first published online are sadly no longer accessible. This is likely because they do not (even after currency conversion) directly match western list prices.
Additionally, the possibility of a late modification is always present, particularly with price quotations,
AMD might change the list prices once more up to a few minutes prior to the launch, exactly like the other manufacturers. There is a good chance that we might see some difference in the pricing of the products since we previously reported that the price rise might be the result of TSMC raising wafer prices.
They are compelled to pay since AMD and Nvidia both rely on the Taiwanese semiconductor behemoth for its current and next-generation node technology. According to a DigiTimes article, TSMC has already raised wafer pricing by between 10 and 20 per cent as a result of the ongoing chip shortage and supply chain congestion.
Ryzen 7000 July Update
At Computex 2022, AMD underlined that its AM4 motherboard architecture would continue to support the PC gaming market for the foreseeable future. The fact that so many people in the community utilise AM4 motherboards makes this excellent news.
The community is aware of the reliable and consistent information that leaker greymon55 has supplied concerning upcoming Nvidia and AMD hardware. According to him, the Red camp is allegedly contemplating delivering Ryzen CPUs based on the Zen 4 core architecture to the AM4 chip platform, as stated by an AMD CPU reseller.
According to an AMD CPU reseller, AMD plans to have AM4 DDR4 compatible ZEN4 products.but it's just a plan, not sure if it will be available.
— Greymon55 (@greymon55) June 17, 2022
In light of everything, AMD previously declared that Zen 4 CPUs, whether Ryzen or EPYC, will only support DDR5 memory, suggesting that the Zen 4 core will not support DDR4 IMC.
Because AM4 is an all-DDR4 platform, the hardware manufacturer would need to develop unique variants of the chip that have the necessary DDR4 IMC if it wanted to install Zen 4 on current AM4 motherboards.
It does make it very odd to hear this, but there is a good chance it might happen since the CPU market is extremely competitive right now, and the two leading rivals are continuously pushing one another for a competitive advantage.
But this time, AMD will be competing with Intel’s Raptor Lake, which not only offers full compatibility for the 600-series motherboards already in use but also accommodates both DDR5 and DDR4 memory.
There isn’t much AMD can do in this situation, and even if they hadn’t intended to support DDR4 and AM4 in the first place, they might be forced to as a result of Intel’s move.
Additionally, although nothing has been confirmed yet, AMD’s Director of Technical Marketing, Robert Hallock, said in an interview that new CPUs might be developed for AM4.
The Ryzen 7000 CPUs will reportedly consume more power and generate more heat than AMD’s earlier models.
The IHS thickness of AMD Zen 4 has already caused controversy. Many people have claimed that this would cause Ryzen 7000 CPUs to overheat. Furthermore, it appears that AMD will have issues with power consumption since high-end Zen 4 architecture processors may require up to 170W TDP or 230W PPT AMD.
This is a significant improvement compared to the Ryzen 9 5950X’s 105W TDP or 142W PPT. Package Power Tracking (PPT) may be the most worrying element in this case.
The PPT, which in the case of the Zen 4 might reach 230W, is the maximum amount of power that can be sent to the socket. This will probably only be used by the strongest Zen 4 cores, but it is nevertheless interesting to see a significant rise from the PPT of 142W for the Ryzen 9 5950X.
This takes us a full round to the Ryzen 7000 range of thermals. The more powerful CPUs might generate substantially more heat with a maximum TDP of 170W. Additionally, this would compel motherboard makers to charge more for motherboards of greater quality.
Frequently Asked Questions
As far as rumors go, the initial launch will not come with 3D V-Cache. However, AMD will surely release their 3D V-Cache counterparts later in 2023. If not, then 8000 series will definitely support 3D V-Cache technology.
Currently, we cannot state whether this is going to be the case or not. However, it almost certainly will not happen. The Ryzen 5 7600X will be a fast processor, not on the level to beat a 5950X.
The short answer is, no. You don’t need a 500-watt power supply to simply run the processor. Subsequently, you will need a 500W power supply to run the 7950X with an old graphics card. With modern graphics cards, you will need even more power. In addition, we recommend finding a good 1000W gold or platinum rated power supply.
Thank you! Please share your positive feedback. 🔋
How could we improve this post? Please Help us. 😔
Ali Rashid Khan is an avid gamer, hardware enthusiast, photographer, and devoted litterateur with a period of experience spanning more than 14 years. Sporting a specialization with regards to the latest tech in flagship phones, gaming laptops, and top-of-the-line PCs, Ali is known for consistently presenting the most detailed objective perspective on all types of gaming products, ranging from the Best Motherboards, CPU Coolers, RAM kits, GPUs, and PSUs amongst numerous other peripherals. When he’s not busy writing, you’ll find Ali meddling with mechanical keyboards, indulging in vehicular racing, or professionally competing worldwide with fellow mind-sport athletes in Scrabble at an international level. Currently speaking, Ali has completed his A-Level GCEs with plans to go into either Allopathic Medicine or Business Studies, or who knows, perhaps a full-time dedicated technological journalist.