Randomness is an essential part of everyday existence, so of course it makes sense that it would also be integral to the way that online casinos operate.

While in land-based casinos randomness is created by shuffling cards, spinning roulette wheels or tossing dice, in the digital realm it is necessary to use random number generators (RNGs) whether you are playing on a smartphone or PC.

Here is a look at why this technology has become indispensable for online casino operators and how RNGs can reliably achieve random outcomes.

The necessity of randomness in online casinos

Every major web-based gambling operator, such as Kazoomcasino.com, features games that rely on RNG to determine the outcomes and decide whether players win or lose.

This is clearly vital for all involved, since it means that the casinos themselves can make cash from the games they host, while the players always have a chance of walking away with a prize.

In this sense, randomness is the great leveller, and there are strict regulations in place to ensure that operators cannot ‘fix’ or ‘rig’ their games to prevent players hitting the jackpot. So even if the chance of actually winning is fairly small, there should still be a slim possibility of it happening with every spin of the virtual slots or roll of the digital dice, thanks to RNG tech.

The mathematical underpinnings

As you might expect, in an online casino context the random number generation is handled by complex algorithms, rather than relying on the mechanical means that were commonly used in the early days of land-based slot machines.

These algorithms are designed to deliver as close to true randomness as possible, while preventing any third parties from unpicking their inner workings and potentially unravelling the formula and coming up with a way of predicting game outcomes.

Of course to ensure that everything is being handled in line with the rules and regulations which govern the online casino industry, regulators are allowed to examine how RNG algorithms operate. This should give players confidence that they are receiving a fair shot at the jackpot whenever they play, while still giving operators the means to turn a profit from popular titles.

The phrases you need to know

In addition to appreciating the application of RNGs in an online casino arena, it is also a good idea to familiarise yourself with the other technical terms you will usually stumble upon when playing.

Chief amongst these is return to player, typically shortened to RTP. Although it might seem like RTP refers to how much chance you have of winning on a given online game, the reality is that this simply states the percentage of the cash that is paid out compared to the total takings.

If a machine has an RTP of 90%, the operator will keep just 10% of the money pumped into it and pay out the rest to players as prizes. Of course this may mean that one big winner walks away with the majority of this, but it should not be confused with odds or be seen as an indication of the game’s randomness.

That is not to say that RTP is entirely irrelevant; games with low RTPs are often aimed at those looking to place lower wagers and take fewer risks, while high RTP games can come with bigger payouts and minimum bet amounts to go along with them.

Ultimately it is a good idea to do a little research into online casinos and the technologies behind them before you start playing. In the simplest terms, RNG tech is there to protect players and operators alike, creating a more level playing field.